Short-Term Disability (STD) Insurance is private insurance that replaces some of your income if an injury or illness prevents you from working. STD is important because it can ease the financial burden on a household when someone has a serious illness or injury. The main difference between disability income insurance, like STD, and Workers’ Compensation insurance is that for disability income insurance, the injury or illness does not need to be work-related.

There are 2 types of disability income insurance:

  • Short-Term Disability (STD) pays you a portion of your income for a short period of time. Depending on your plan, STD generally will last between 9 and 52 weeks (or 1 year). The average STD policy in Arizona lasts for 6 months. STD is explained in detail in this article.
  • Long-Term Disability (LTD) pays you a portion of your income after you run out of STD. Depending on your plan, LTD may pay you for a specific number of years, like 2 years or 5 years, or until you turn a specific age, like 65. To read DB101’s article about LTD, click here.
Important to Know

Short-Term Disability (STD) Insurance is not a government benefit, and it is not connected to any public benefit program.

It is private insurance coverage that you get through a private company. To find out if you have STD coverage through your employer, talk to your Human Resources person.

With STD, the amount of time you can get benefits and the dollar amount you get from the benefits can vary significantly.

Some employers offer group disability income insurance policies as part of their benefits packages. If your employer does not offer STD or if you want additional coverage, you can buy an individual policy from an insurance agent. Each insurance policy has different features. You can get more information about your Short-Term Disability Insurance plan from your employer’s Human Resources department if you get your coverage through your job or from your insurance agent if you have an individual policy.